Breast cancer is the one of the commonest malignancie in women. It’s the uncontrolled malignant growth of cells in the breast tissue.
Its of many types of wich cancer of the milk ducts is the most commonly occurring form of breast cancer. Usually only one breast is
affected the most.Breast cancer is mainly of two types:
• Ductal carcinoma- occurs in milk ducts
• Lobular carcinoma- occurs in the milk secreting breast lobules
What are the causes?
• Exact cause is unknown
• There are certain factors that make a person more at risk for the development of cancer. Those are genetic and environmental factors. It has a tendency to run in families. A person may carry genes that make him suseptible to cancerous growth.
• BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene play a major role in the onset of the disease
• Women who start menstruating before the age of 12 years or stop after 55 years are more at risk for developing breast cancer.
• Women who had children late in their life are also liable towards risk.
• Obesity or overweight is also a contributing factor.
• Consuption of alcohol, cigarette smoke, harmful radiations and lack of exercise are also risk factors
• Hormone replacement therapy and contraseptives have an increased risk of breast cancer
What are the symptoms?
• Lump in the breast.
• Persisting pain in breast
• Sometimes, there may be changes in the shape and size of the breast and the nipple.
• A dimple in the skin overlying the breast accompanied with dryness and scaling should be a cause for concern.
• Persisting nipple pain or inversion of nipple . Inflammation or thickening of the nipple or breast skin.
• There may be discharge of blood stained fluid from the nipple along with dryness and cracking of the skin of the nipple.
How is it diagnosed?
• Self examination
A breast lump is usually first detected by a woman by herself on self examination. It should be regularly done by all women above 40 years of age.
In this procedure, the woman lies down, raises the arm on the side of the breast and feels the breast with the other hand. Any difference from in the normal feel of the breast is noted. The woman may then look at herself in the mirror and note any changes in the shape and size of her breasts. Any change should be brought to the doctor’s notice.
• Special X-ray of the breast. It can detect early breast cancers or any changes in the breast.
• Breast tissue biopsy.
• Geographical – common in western countries.
• Gender - womens are likely to have breast cancer 100 times more than males.
• Age - risk of breast cancer increases with the age.
• Genetic - A family history of breast cancer will increase the risk of developing breast cancer in a woman by three to five times. Recently, a breast cancer gene (BR CA 1) has been identified. If a woman has this gene present in her chromosomes, there is an 85% chance of developing either breast or ovarian cancer, or both in her lifetime.
• Hormonal -Women who start menstruating before the age of 12 years or stop after 55 years are more at risk for developing breast cancer. Women who had children late in their life are also liable towards risk
Breast Cancer Prevention
• Stop alcohol consumption, cigrate smoking
• Avoidence from harmful radiations
• Balanced diet
• Reduction of over body weight
• Regular exercise
• Avoiding unnecessary consumption of hormonal drugs and contraceptives.
• Asteria rubens
• Arsenic - palliative in pains of last stage of brest cancer
• Bryta iod- breast cancer after trauma
• Bufo rana - last stage of breast cancer
• Carsinosin - with family history of cancer